Design and Analysis of Smart Structures for Active Vibration Control using Piezo-Crystals

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Author(s) Deepak Chhabra | Pankaj Chandna | Gian Bhushan
Pages 153-163
Volume 1
Issue 3
Date December, 2011
Keywords Piezoelectric material, FEM, LQR optimal control, Pole placement
Abstract

The present work considers the active vibration control of beam like structures with laminated piezoelectric sensor and actuator layers bonded on top and bottom surfaces of the beam. A finite element model based on Euler-Bernoulli beam theory has been developed. The contribution of the piezoelectric sensor and actuator layers on the mass and stiffness of the beam has been considered with modeling of entire structure in a state space form. The designing of state/output feedback control by Pole placement technique and LQR optimal control approach are demonstrated to achieve the desired control. From the analysis, it has been observed that the LQR control scheme is very effective in controlling the vibration. Numerical simulation shows that including and varying the location of the sensor / actuator mass and stiffness from the free end to the fixed end on the beam produces a considerable change in the system’s structural vibration characteristics. The study illustrates that sufficient vibration suppression can be attained by means of the proposed methods.  

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