Surface Roughness and Tool Wear Study on Milling of AISI 304 Stainless Steel Using Different Cooling Conditions

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Author(s) P. Chockalingam | Lee Hong Wee
Pages 1386-1391
Volume 2
Issue 8
Date August, 2012
Keywords Surface roughness, cutting force, milling, stainless steel


This research deals with the effect of different coolant conditions on milling of AISI 304 stainless steel. Cooling methods used in this investigation were flooding of synthetic oil, water-based emulsion, and compressed cold air. Cutting forces and the surface roughness were studied and tool flank wears observed. In this study, the comparison between different coolants’ effect to the milling of AISI 304 stainless steel is done and the results from the study can provide very useful information in manufacturing field. The experiment results showed that water-based emulsion gave better surface finish and lower cutting force followed by synthetic oil and compressed cold air. Different cooling condition required different parameters in order to obtain lower surface roughness and cutting force. Chipping was the initial wear mode in the milling of AISI 304 stainless steel.

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