Contribution of Locally Designed and Fabricated Vehicle Seats to Accident Injuries in Ghana.

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Author(s) E.D.K. Dzebre | J. Ampofo | R. Kumah-Ametepey
Pages 395-400
Volume 3
Issue 3
Date March, 2013
Keywords accident injury, road traffic accident, occupant safety, vehicle seat, mini -survey

Abstract

Buses and minibuses account for a large number of reported Road Traffic Accidents in Ghana. Most of these vehicles are used goods transport vans, modified for passenger transportation purposes. One of such modifications is the provision of seats. These seats are designed and fabricated locally by artisans, but not according to any known safety standards. This among other reasons has resulted in a hypothesis among some medical personnel that, the design of these seats may be responsible for some of the injuries sustained in accidents.
This paper sought to find evidence support of this hypothesis. The results of a kinematic analysis performed with the Working Model 2D software were compared with the results from a Mini Survey that was conducted between November 2011 and January 2012, at the Accident and Emergency Centre of the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana.
Findings include injuries that are mostly sustained by occupants of accident vehicles, fitted with the seats in question, as well as design features of the seats, that may cause these injuries.

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